Chapter 15: Memory

295 Insulin resistance increase levels of GSK-3, that is destructive to the brain ultimately causing apastosis: Exp Gerontol. 2007 Jan-Feb;42(1-2):10-21. Cole GM et al.
295 Women with Alzheimer’s have increased levels of GSK-3:Eur J Neurosci. 2007 Jan;2591):81-86. Hooper C et al.
295 Memory and brain function of women with diabetes more likely to have memory and brain function problems: J Diabetes Complications. 2006 Jul-Aug;20(4):238-45. Debling D et al.
296 Adults with Type 2 Diabetes evidence better cognitive performance following just one low glycemic index, low carbohydrate meal: Diabetologia. 2006 May;49(5):855-62. Papanikolaou Y et al.
296 Diet that promotes insulin resistance proven to promote alzheimer: FASEB J. 2004 May;18(7):902-4. Ho L et al.; Exp Gerontol. 2007 Jan-Feb;42(1-2):10-21. Cole GM et al.
296 Fruit has higher glycemic index and does not help the brain:Neurology. 2006 Oct 24;67(8):1370-6. Morris MC et al.
297 DHEA increases AKT-PI3K that protect the brain: Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2002 Jan 31;98(1-2):58-66. Zhang L et al.
297 Melatonin increases AKT-PI3K: J Pineal Res. 2006 Jan;40(1):79-85. Lee SH et al.
297 Memantine/Galatamine promotes memory and decreases GSK-3 that is destructive to the brain: Neurobiol Aging. 2006 Mar;27(3):413-22. De Sarno P et al.
298 The scientific community did not believe that our diet can influence brain function: J Nutr Health Aging. 2004;8(3):163-74. Bourre JM.
298 Omega-3 deficient diets can cause structural abnormalities and a decline in cognitive function: J Nutr Health Aging. 2004;8(3):163-74. Bourre JM.; J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):386-99. Bourre JM.
298 High fat and refined sugar reduces BDNF that is the key to proper brain function: Neuroscience. 2002;112(4):803-14. Molteni R et al.
298 Consuming saturated and trans-fats lower cognitive function: Neurology. 2004 May 11;62(9):1573-9. Morris MC et al.
298 Diets high in saturated fasts have been shown to aggravate outcome of tramatic brain injuries: Neuroscience. 2003;119(2):365-75. Wu A et al.
298 Studies indicate that it doesn’t take long for unfavorable fats to have negative effect on cognitive function: J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):386-99. Bourre JM.
299 Positive effects of vitamin and minerals on brain activity: J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. Bourre JM.; J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):386-99. Bourre JM.
299 Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine) improves cognitive function: J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. Bourre JM.
299 Vit C is found in high concentration in brain nerve ending: J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. Bourre JM.; Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Dec;14912):1032-40. Wilkins CH et al.
299 Vitamin D plays an important role in nerve tissue chemistry:J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. Bourre JM.
300 Vitamin E protects the brain membrane: J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. Bourre JM.; Arch Neurol. 2002 Jul;59(7):1125-32. Morris MC et al.
300 Vitamin K plays an important role in nerve tissue chemistry:J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. Bourre JM.
300 Lipoic Acid provides core brain function protection:Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Jan;113(1):154-64. Holmquist L et al.; Neurobiol Aging. 2007 Feb;28(2):213-25. Quinn JF et al
301 Iron is necessary for oxygenation and energy production: J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. Bourre JM.
301 Iron levels that are too high increase free radicals and risk of Alzheimer’s disease: J Med Genet. 2006 Oct;43(10):e52. Lehmann DJ et al.
301 Magnesium is essential for synaptic transmission, brain enzymatic and brain cell activity: Magnes Res. 2006 Sep;19(3):199-215. Billard JM.; Clin Calcium. 2004 Aug;14(8):60-4. Enomoto T et al.
301 Magnesium given before open heart surgery decreases cognitive decline: J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Apr;131(4):853-61. Bhudia SK et al.
301 Zinc taking patients experience improvement in spatial working and visual memory: Br J Nutr. 2006 Oct;96(4):752-60. Maylor EA et al.
301 Excess heavy metals have no place in the body and are destructive to the memory: Cell Molk Biol Lett. 2005;10(4):669-76. Haider S et al.; Occup Environ Med. 2005 Mar;62(3):181-7. Bleecker ML et al.; J Occup Environ Med. 2005 Sep;47(9):902-8. Chen SS et al.; Neurotoxicology. 2006 Mar;27(2):291-5. Tsai YT et al.
301 Taurine protects from lead toxicity while improving neuron-transmitter production: Neuroscience. 2005;134(1):215-24. Zhu DM et al.
304 Phosphatidylserine found in inner leaflet of brain cell membrane: Sports Med. 2006;36(8):657-69. Kingsley M.
304 Phosphatidylserine plays role in maintaining proper function of brain cell membranes: Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 2000;37(4):302-7. Schreiber S et al.
304 Phosphatidylserine increases acetyl cholin: J Nutr. 2001 Nov;131(11):2951-6. Suzuki S et al.; Jpn J Pharmaacol. 1997 Dec;75(4):447-50. Furushiro M et al.
304 Phosphatidylserine increases serotonin: Jpn J Pharmaacol. 1997 Dec;75(4):447-50. Furushiro M et al.
304 Phosphatidylserine improves memory within six weeks: Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 2000;37(4):302-7. Schreiber S et al.; Neurology. 1991 May;41(5):644-9. Crook TH et al.
304 Phosphatidylserine derived from soy lecithin may be superior to supplement with: Nutrition. 1999 Oct;15(10):778-83. Blokland A et al.
304 Phosphatidylserine may decrease cortisol levels: Sports Med. 2006;36(8):657-69. Kingsley M.
304 Acetyl-L-Carnitine can decrease free radical oxidative stress and improve spatial memory and overall cognitive function: J Neurosci Res. 2006 Aug 1;84(2):398-408. Abdul HM et al.; J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1995 Jul;50(4):B232-36. Caprioli A et al.; Drugs Exp Clin Res. 1994;20(4):169-76. Salvioli G et al.
305 Ginko Biloba improves memory by suppressing and reversing amyloid beta: J Neurosci. 2006 Dec 13;26(50):13102-13. Wu Y et al.; Planta Med. 2006 Nov;72(14):1296-9. Brunetti L et al.
305 Ginko protects brain cells from effects of NMDA: Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2006 Sep 19;86(35):2479-84. Xiao ZY et al.
305 Ginko increases brain oxygen supply, promotes antioxidant production, and production of free radicals: Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2006 Sep;26(9):795-8. Deng YK et al.
305 Ginko shown to prevent age-related memory loss: Exp Neurol. 2003 Nov;184(1):510-20. Stackman RW et al.
305 Ginko increased positive performance in Alzheimer’s patients at least as good as common drug without the drug side effect: Eur J Neurol. 2006 Sep;13(9):981-5. Mazza M et al.
305 Ginko protect from ovarian cancer: Cancer Lett. 2006 Dec 26; Ye B et al.
306 Huperzine A acts as a acetylcholinesterase inhibitor: Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2006 Jan;27(1):1-26. Wang R et al.
306 Huperzine has been shown to improve memory in adults with mild memory loss and in patients with Alzheimer’s: Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2006 Jan;27(1):1-26. Wang R et al.
306 Vinpocentine is used to treat memory loss associated with cerebrovascular cognitive diseases: Eur J Pharmacol. 1990 Oct 23;187(3):551-3. Erdo SL et al.
306 Vinpocentine protects brain cell from cell destruction: Eur J Pharmacol. 1990 Oct 23;187(3):551-3. Erdo SL et al.; Ideggyogy Sz. 2003 May 20;56(5-6):166-72. Hadjiev D.
307 Galantamine effective in Alzheimer’s patients: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(3):CD001747. Olin J et al.; Drugs Aging. 2003;20(10):777-89. Wilcock G et al.
307 Galantamine more effective and non toxic compare to drug (Aricept) for treatment of memory loss: Drugs Aging. 2003;20(10):777-89. Wilcock G et al.
307 Wide use of Galantamine as remedy for mild memory loss:Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(3):CD001747. Olin J et al.
308 Hydergine helpful at improving memory loss: Arch Neurol. 1994 Aug;51(8):787-98. Schneider LS et al.; Curr Med Res Opin. 1986;10(4):256-79. Huber F et al.
308 Hydergine is an MAO inhibitor: Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 1995 Dec;5(4):527-9. Buyukozturk A et al.
308 Aniracetam improves memory by increasing supply of PI3:Eur J Pharmacol. 2004 Jun 28;494(2-3):111-20. Gabryel B et al.
308 Aniracetam increases dopamine and serotonin levels: Brain Res. 2001 Oct 19;916(1-2):211-21. Shirane M et al.; Pharmacol Biochem Behave. 2001 Jan;68(1)65-9. Nakamura K et al.; Brain Res Brain res Rev. 1994 May;19(2):180-222. gouliaev AH et al.
308 Piracetam improve vertigo and dyslexia: CNS Drug Rev. 2005 Summer;11(2):169-82. Winblad B.
308 Piracetam has shown to improve learning and memory in health adults: Psychopharmaco. 1976;49:307-09. Dimond SJ et al.
308 Piracetam reverse memory loss from electric shock and barbiturate intoxication: Brain Res Brain res Rev. 1994 May;19(2):180-222. Gouliaev Ah et al.
308 In extreme cases, Aniracetam and Piracetam shown to improve memory loss: Neuroprotection. May 20;56(5-6):166-72. Haddjiev D et al.
308 Centrophenoxine improves memory by reducing lipofuscion:Neurobiol Aging. 1986 Mar-Apr;7(2):107-13. Andrews LD et al.; J Gerontol. 1983 Sep;38(5):525-31. Katz ML et al.
308 Centrophenoxine reverses aluminum toxicity associated with Alzheimer’s: Mol Cell Biochem. 2006 Oct;290(1-2):185-91. Nehru B et al.
310 Suboptimal thyroid levels associated with severe brain atrophy: Neuroepidemiology. 2006;27(2):89-95. Reitz C et al.
310 Addressing thyroid definiciency improves cognitive function and verbal memory: Int J Neurosci. 2006 Aug;116(8):895-906. Miller KJ et al.
310 Melatonin inhibits generation of beta-amyloid and tau hyperphosphorylation: Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2006 Jan;27(1):41-9. Wang JZ et al.
310 DHEA and testosterone protect against Alzheimer’s: J Neurosci. 2002 Jun 15;22(12):5204-9. Raber J et al.
311 Testosterone supplementing can improve women’s visual and spatial memory: Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2004 Jun;29(5):612-7. Aleman A et al.
311 Bioidentical progesterone improves memory by calming, improving sleep, and providing general cognitive protection: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 Jun;1052:152-69. Stein DG.
311 Progesterone shown to prevent damage caused by brain trauma and to enhance the rate of recovery: Neuroscience. 2004;123(2):349-59. Djebaili M et al.; Exp Neurol. 2002 Nov;178(1):59-67. Shear DA et al.
311 Progesterone increase BDNF and protect against glutamate toxicity: J Neurosci Res. 2007 Jun 4;85(11):2441-2449. Kaur P et al. 
312 Pregnenolone stimulates brain cell production in hippocampus: Neurobiol Aging. 2005 Jan;26(1):103-14. Mayo W et al.
312 Pregnenolone protects brain cells from glutamate and amyloid beta protein toxicity: Neurochem Res. 2001 Jan;26(1):15-21. Gursoy E et al.
313 Human growth hormone is big help to the brain: Horm Res. 2005;64 Suppl 3:109-14. Van Dam PS.; Horm Res. 2005;64 Suppl 3:100-8. Maruff P et al.
313 Removal of one or two ovaries before menopause increase cognitive decline: Neurology. 2007 Aug 29; Rocca WA et al.
314 Physical activity improves learning, memory and overall cognitive function: Nutr Health. 2006;18(3):277-84. Pinilla FG.
314 Treadmill running improves rate of brain cell production in hippocampus: Brain Res. 2006 Aug 9;1104(1):64-72. Uda M et al.
314 Exercise improves negative effects of high fat diet: Nutr Health. 2006;18(3):277-84. Pinilla FG.; Neuroscience. 2004;123(2):429-40. Molteni R et al.
314 Women between ages 59-68 improve cognitive performance after three months of exercise: J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006 Sep;57 Suppl 4:417-24. Zlomanczuk P et al.
314 Combination of mental and aerobic training shows greater improvement than either alone: Int J Sports Med. 2002 Aug;23(6):415-21. Fabre C et al.
315 Stress associated with brain atrophy: CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2006 Oct;5(5):503-12. Bremner JD.
315 Brain shrinks as consequence of trauma: Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Jul 15;52(2):119-25. Villarreal G et al.
315 More interpersonal stress adults experience, greater rate of memory failure on day-to-day basis: Psychol Aging. 2006 Jun;21(2):424-9. Neupert SD et al.
316 Studies indicate that yoga assist brain in healing: Psychol Aging. 2006 Jun;21(2):424-9. Neupert SD et al.
316 Studies indicate that praying assist brain in healing: Percept Mot Skills. 1999 Jun;88(3 Pt 1):765-70. Febbro F et al.
316 Studies indicate that meditation assist brain in healing: Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2004 Oct;52(4):434-55. Wagstaff GF et al.
316 Tai Chi Chuan helpful after head trauma: Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Sep;82(9):1283-5. Shapira MY et al.
316 Sleep depravation is chronic stress inducer: Metabolism. 2006 Oct;55(10suppl 2):S20-3. McEwen BS.
316 Sleep depravation impairs spatial memory and impairs hippocampal function: Brain Res. 2004 Aug 20;1018(1):38-47. Guan Z et al.
317 Resolving sleep apnea with use of PAP mask restores much of lost cognitive function: Chest. 2006 Dec;130(6):1772-8. Zimmerman ME et al.
317 Association between depression and subsequent decline cognitive function: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 Feb;63(2):130-8. Steffens DC et al.
317 By incorporating four pillars, woman are able to improve cognitive function: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Jun;14(6):538-45. Small GW et al.

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